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Document number: 9002
Date: 27 Jul 1865
Recipient: TALBOT William Henry Fox
Author: HIRD William Greenwood
Collection: British Library, London, Manuscripts - Fox Talbot Collection
Collection number historic: Acc 21418 (envelope only)
Last updated: 16th February 2013

July 27th 1865.
34 Chandos Street
Bradford. Yorks

Dear Sir –

I beg to forward for your acceptance by this Post a copy of the First & Second Edition of a little work on Scripture Names published many years ago<1> when the structure & meaning of the Foreign Names were not as well understood as now through your own researches & those of Drs. Hincks & Oppert & Sir H. C. Rawlinson.–<2> And I shall feel exceedingly obliged to you at any time for such hints or explanations which as may occur to you during your investigations of the cuneitic inscription. Dr Hincks has just informed me that he has written an article on Shalmaneser for Cassell’s Bible Dictionary<3> in which he gives a new reading & rendering of the name which he read in 1853 on the Nimroud Obelisk, Dimmanubara.

Perhaps you will also favor me with the meaning of the following names at your own convenience – In a short Note sent you sometime in May, I threw out several conjectures as to their being synonyms of some Hebrew names – but would rather being comparatively young defer to the opinions of elder persons & of those especially whose attainments justly entitle them to respect.

1. Isilli-Bel. Does this mean – shadow of Bel? Also may we compare it with the with the Heb. Bezaleel, in the shadow i.e. protection of God? Isilli Bel occurs in the Sec. Vol. of Professors Rawlinson’s Five Great Monarchies, p. 438, as the name of a king of Gaza.

2. Asshurdanan (Assyrian Texts translated p. 9.)<4> May this name be rendered Asshur is powerful?

3. Asshur-inadi-su. Does this signify Asshur is his glory?

4. Nebo-bel-sumi. Does this mean Nebo is the lord of name. i.e. renown?

In the Papers for the Schoolmaster,<5> you will see I have readily adopted the latest information accessibly to me with respect to the Scripture Names found on the monuments of Assyria & Bablyonia, & as I am collecting materials for larger & much more complete work on the subject<6> will gladly record my obligations for any explanations you may be kind enough to favor me with –

I am Dear Sir, Yours very respy
Wm G. Hird –

H. F. Talbot Esq
Lacock Abbey

H. Fox Talbot Esq.
Lacock Abbey


1. The first edition has not been traced thus far, but Hird published Etymological dictionary of Scripture names: accented and explained. 2d ed., greatly enl. and improved. (London: Hamilton, Adams & Co, 1851). He subsequently published Scripture names and their Assyrian Babylonian, and Phoenician synonyms (London: Dewbury, ca. 1866); and Scripture names and their relation to ancient history, with particular reference to recent investigations (London: Hamilton, Adams & Co., 1875).

2. Rev Edward Hincks (1792-1866), Irish Egyptologist & Orientalist; Prof Julius Oppert (1825-1905), German Assyriologist, active in Paris; Sir Henry Creswick Rawlinson, 1st Baronet (1810-1895), orientalist.

3. The Bible Dictionary. Illustrated... (London: Cassell, Petter & Galpin, 1863-1866).

4. WHFT, Assyrian Texts Translated, No. 1. 1. Bellino’s Cylinder. 2. The Cylinder of Esarhaddon. 3. A Portion of the Annals of Ashurakhabal. [Printed for Private Distribution.] (London: Printed by Harrison and Sons, 1856).

5. The first volume of the periodical Papers for the Schoolmaster was published in 1851 by Simkin, Marshall, & Co., London).

6. See note 1.

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